Cannabis culture describes a social atmosphere or series of associated social behaviors that depends heavily upon cannabis consumption, particularly as an entheogen, recreational drug and medicine. Cannabis — the plant that produces hemp and hashish — has been one of the leading psychoactive drugs in world use since the late 20th century, following only tobacco and alcohol in popularity.
The former involves both sacred and secular use, and is usually based on small-scale cultivation: the use of the plant for cordage, clothing, medicine, food, and a general use as an euphoriant and symbol of fellowship. The second stream of expansion of cannabis use encompasses the use of hemp for commercial manufacturers utilizing large-scale cultivation primarily as a fiber for mercantile purposes”; but it is also linked to the search for psychedelic experiences.
Cannabis has evolved its own language, humour, etiquette, art, literature and music. The culture of cannabis as “the manifestation of introspection and bodily passivity” — which has generated a negative “slacker” stereotype around its consumers — is a relatively modern concept, as cannabis has been consumed in various forms for almost 5,000 years.
Cannabis has been used in the ancient past in places such as ancient India, Romania, Egypt, and Mesopotamia. It was often used as medicine or for hemp, its main route of consumption was smoking. Over time the culture became more international and a general “cannabis culture” formed. The culture has been responsible for the genre of films known as stoner films, which has come to be accepted as a mainstream cinema movement.
Cannabis culture strive to offer access to high-quality cannabis, cannabis accessories, and information about cannabis, hemp and political activism. They are committed to defending the civil liberties and freedom of cannabis consumers, growers, and providers by campaigning to end unjust criminalization and persecution.
In Canada as of early 2017, cannabis – usually referred to as marihuana or marijuana – is legal only for medicinal purposes and only under conditions outlined in the Access to Cannabis for Medical Purposes Regulations (ACMPR) issued by Health Canada. The cultivation of the hemp plant of the genus Cannabis (family Cannabaceae) is currently legal in Canada for seed, grain and fibre production only under licences issued by Health Canada.